In particular, the IRA targeted police and British army soldiers patrolling the streets. The situation worsened in 1972, when 14 people were killed by British troops during a peaceful civil rights march led by Catholics and Republicans in Londonderry. Who said there was a “witch hunt” against former soldiers involved in murders during the conflict in Ireland? With regard to the promotion of equality in employment, the Northern Ireland Act (1998) also provided for the establishment of the Equality Commission, which became effective on 1 September 1999.1″The Good Friday Agreement: Equality Commission for Northern Ireland”, BBC News, May 2006, accessed 21 January 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/equality/equality. On Friday the 10th On 1 April 1998, at 5.30 p.m., an American politician, George Mitchell, who led the discussions, said: “I am pleased to announce that the two governments and the political parties of Northern Ireland have reached an agreement.” The result of these referendums was a large majority in both parts of Ireland in favour of the agreement. In the Republic, 56% of voters, 94% of the vote, voted in favour of revising the Constitution. In Northern Ireland, turnout was 81% and 71% of the vote was in favour of the agreement. Various groups violated the ceasefire in 1998. In January 1998, peace talks almost collapsed when Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) Loyalists admitted their involvement in the murder of three Catholics and thus their violation of the ceasefire. By this admission, the UFF cancelled its campaign against the murder of Catholics1.1 Talks continued, the parties agreed on a final agreement and signed a comprehensive peace agreement on 10 April 1998. The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments and eight political parties or groups in Northern Ireland. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led Unionism in Ulster since the early twentieth century, and two smaller parties linked to loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (associated with the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)).
Two of them have generally been described as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican Party associated with the Commissional Irish Republican Army.   Regardless of these rival traditions, there were two other rallying parties, the Alliance Inter-communal party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour Coalition. U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by U.S. President Bill Clinton to lead discussions between the parties and groups.  In 1998, when the Irish and British governments committed to reintegrate paramilitary prisoners into society by creating opportunities for employment, retraining and education, the European Union created in 1998 a support infrastructure under the European Union`s Peace and Reconciliation Fund. It was reported that the Belfast-based Northern Ireland Voluntary Trust managed the fund. In addition, more than 26 community-based ex-prisoner projects have been set up across Northern Ireland in relation to education, vocational skills programmes, financial and social counselling, housing and family counselling in Ireland.1″The Kar friday Agreement – Prisoners”, BBC News, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/prisoner.
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